12. October 2020

My Preparations for Spring Gardening

I really recommend starting preparations for spring gardening already in fall. Check out my to-do list below for more inspiration!

Preparations for spring gardening in front of a red house.

I'm doing preparations for spring gardening already. It's time to start making room for new sowings and mulch the soil.

 

Is planning key? Well, I know that you can do great in the garden even with a minimal amount of preparations and a shorter time frame. More or less just planning in winter and early spring, sowing in spring and then harvesting in late spring, summer and fall. This is probably what most people do. But I wanted to give you a little tip that can help you prolong the season and get ahead too: You can actually start preparing your spring garden already now in fall.

Many gardeners probably feel that fall is the time to start winding down. And that can absolutely be true. But winding down the right way can actually help you prepare for spring gardening next season, which will keep you a few steps ahead of everyone else.

Having some extra time means that you can start growing earlier, but it also works really well for the general rhythm of the garden. You can for example use old plant parts to fertilize the soil that you want to grow in next year.

I know that this seems a bit overambitious to a lot of people who just want to rest after a busy summer. And I completely understand that! But it doesn't actually take that much to prepare for spring gardening already in fall. We just need to change the mindset. Here are the three most important things to think about:

 

Read more: My fall gardening on Oak Hill

 

Crop Rotation

I don't have a very strict crop rotation routine, but I do have four main groups that I swap every year. So, I make a rough plan of where these different groups should go next year. This simple step makes it so much easier to do the following ones too. Every fall, I make a little sketch of the different areas of my garden and then I write down which main crops I was thinking about putting in each area. Cabbages, potatoes, carrots and beans are my most important crops, and plenty of other vegetables sort of fit in around them.

Of course, I think about where I grew my main crops this year and then I usually move them to the next area on the right every year. I do however also try to save some space for my summer flowers.

 

More: An amazing mulched garden in Sweden

 

Prepare for Winter-sowings

Following the first plan for the coming year while also considering this year's crops (most of the plants are still in the beds), also helps me decide what I'm going to sow in fall and winter. I'm in other words preparing for winter-sowings. This is very important to me. When it's time to start sowing in spring, a fourth of my total growing space in the garden might already be taken care of. Simply because I started already in winter.

But, it's usually not possible for me to just walk out into the kitchen garden on a half-frozen day in February and do the whole job then and there. Preparations and sowing at once. For example, old plant parts might be frozen to the ground, the soil could be lumpy and uneven, or even covered by snow. But if I pick and prepare the right locations for winter-sowings already in fall, then I'm right on schedule.

What I'm looking for when it comes to fall and winter-sowings:

 

  • cleared beds
  • raised beds or growing frames
  • sheltered spots
  • connecting areas

 

Read more: Growing vegetables in winter – A beginner's guide

 

I'm removing plant parts from my beds and raised growing areas, I fertilize them with compost or old plant parts that I bury in the soil and then I rake the surface. If there's a possibility that animals get to the beds, then I put wire mesh panels or row cover on top until it's time to sow. You can cover smaller areas like raised beds with a lid to keep the snow from collecting on top.

 

Preparations for spring gardening, an empty bed.

I harvested the rest of my carrots and then I did a sowing of summer flowers in the bed. Wire mesh panels protect the bed against curious cats in my spring garden.

 

Green Manure

It's a lot easier for me to start preparing the other parts of my garden for winter when I know what to do with the beds.

For example, I always try to use all of the old plant parts in my garden. If you think about it, the entire garden is actually filled with new potential soil. Legumes, corn, cabbage leaves, carrot tops and old flowers will turn into new high-quality soil after composting.

But as you might know by now, I'm actually not a fan of compost piles. I prefer mulching. I harvest the organic material in fall and then I just put it right on top of the beds in my kitchen garden. The earthworms, insects and little microbes in the soil work the material which becomes a perfect layer of humus after a while. It's actually better to compost the material right on top of the beds. This works a lot better than making a compost pile somewhere else and then moving the new soil later. For example the pH value is affected when you put fresh organic material on top of the ground. You can read more about my soil health in the article below:

 

Read more: Soil analysis part 2 – Mulching

 

Spring garden with mulch on top of two beds.

Some people think that lots of mulch looks a little messy. I actually love it! It's so nice to know that we don't let the material go to waste. We don't need to move the plant parts very far, or get some other type of fertilizer either. So convenient!

 

A large kitchen garden can produce plenty of plant material, so you might want to make a plan for it and use it in your preparations for spring gardening. This is where I put mine:

 

  • where I'm going to put larger plants (so, not the tiny and vulnerable plants or sowings)
  • where I'm going to put cabbage or similar vegetables that need a lot of nutrients
  • in the middle of wider beds
  • in little paths between the beds
  • as a foundation in new growing boxes

 

You don't have to chop the material up before you use it. Simply put it on top of the beds or in your growing frames. It can take two years before a sturdy cabbage stalk turns into soil though, which means that you can put the coarser materials in a spot where you won't be bothered by it. You can of course also run your larger plant parts through a compost mill too. This will make the decomposition faster.

 

 

Preparations for Spring Gardening

Her are a few examples of preparations for spring gardening.

  • Harvesting all of my soy beans. Then I use the plants as mulch on two beds. I'm growing cabbage here next year.
  • I harvested summer carrots, cleaned the bed and sowed some summer flowers (cornflower, love-in-the-mist and poppy.)
  • Also harvested all of my potatoes, cleaned the bed, buried compost in it and sowed pea shoots and lamb's lettuce.
  • I got new grass clippings and started covering the beds where I plan on growing cabbage next year.
  • I harvested the vegetables in my raised beds that I'm also going to fertilize and then use for my winter sowings.

 

These preparations for spring gardening are actually pretty fun! I try to do just a little at a time so it doesn't get too overwhelming. But I already notice a bit more order after the late summer chaos. Something that's very welcome, of course!
/Sara Bäckmo

 

2 responses to “My Preparations for Spring Gardening”

  1. Susan Lewis says:

    Thank you so much for this very complete list of what to do in our gardens now as winter is approaching. Thank you for being such a bright person of inspiration, also a mother and wife and home-maker. As a mother of seven, with limited strength due to chronic illness, your vlogs and writings are a big help to me. God bless you and all of your family.

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